Plastic surgery procedures on the head, face, and neck are typically used for the treatment and functional correction of various traumas, post-traumatic complications, and skin cancer.
Facial and maxillofacial surgery varies from small procedures using local anesthesia to eight-hour operations where the face is partially reconstructed, for example. Recovery from facial surgery takes days or months depending on the scale of the operation.
Maxillofacial surgery is typically used for correcting trauma-based injuries: the patient has fallen or received a blow to the face. Surgery of the mandibular joint is used to treat patients with rheumatoid arthritis or arthrosis when opening the mouth is painful.
The most challenging facial and maxillofacial operations are reconstructions of tissue defects following cancer surgery. In cancer surgery, healthy tissue surrounding the tumor is also removed to prevent the recurrence of cancer, which is why patients often require the use of tissue grafts and the tongue, for example, has to be partially reconstructed.
A maxillofacial surgeon primarily treats mandibular and maxillary fractures of traumatic origin. Mandibular fractures are optimally operated on within a few days of the trauma.
Surgery of the mandibular joint is typically used to treat patients with rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthrosis when it is painful for them to open their mouth. The damaged mandibular joint is replaced with a prosthesis.
Cleft lip and cleft palate are the most common congenital anomalies. In Finland, there are a little over 100 cases a year. Clefts are operated on within the first year after birth, if possible.