Scar treatment

Acne scars

Acne scars may leave scars that appear as bumps or discoloration on the skin. Scarring can be prevented by treating acne with appropriate medication. Once the acne has healed, it takes approximately a year for the scars to heal naturally. If the scars still cause you discomfort after this, the marks can be faded with laser treatments.

Acne scars have long been treated with ablative laser resurfacing that uses Er: YAG or CO2 lasers. The method removes the surface epithelium of the skin completely from the area that needs to be treated. This method is used to flatten the sharp borders of “ice pick” scars and regenerates the epidermis. This method is also suitable for leveling scar formations locally (e.g. cheeks). Good results can usually be achieved with one to two treatment sessions.

Fractional Er: glass and CO2 laser treatments have opened new possibilities in the treatment of acne scars. Fractional therapies combine both superficial and deep curative effects: the treatment regenerates the epidermis, balances out uneven skin tones and structure, and stimulates new collagen formation.

In fractional laser treatments, the laser beams target a fraction of the skin at a time. Approximately 20 percent of the skin is treated, which leaves the rest of the skin as a healing reserve. Three to five treatments are necessary for complete removal of acne scars, with a treatment interval that lasts between one to two months. Advantages of fractional treatments include a rapid recovery from the treatment (3-5 days) and a reduced risk of complications.

Instructions for laser treatment of acne scars

An appointment with a dermatologist is necessary to determine the need for treatment and to make a treatment plan. The purpose of an assessment appointment is to ensure that the client is suited for the treatment and to also consider alternative treatment options.

Tanning should be avoided for four to six weeks prior to treatment. The skin should be protected with a high-performance sunscreen (k50) during the sunny season.

The treatments are performed under anesthesia, therefore, the client should arrive for the appointment approximately an hour before the scheduled treatment begins. The treatment itself takes approximately 15 minutes to complete. The treatment feels like tingling and warmth on the skin. Pain is relieved with a cold air blower during treatment.

There will be some swelling and redness of the skin after treatment, which will last for approximately five days. Sometimes a light scab will form on the skin that has been treated, but it will come off on its own. You can wash normally, however, you should avoid the sauna when there is severe swelling and redness of the skin. Exposure to the sun should be avoided for at least two months and the skin should be protected with high-performance sunscreens (k50) during the sunny season.

Surgery scars

A scar forms on the skin when an injury to the skin reaches its dermis. “Scar” refers to the replacement of damaged skin tissue with connective tissue. The functional and/or cosmetic hindrance of a scar depends on its location, size, and type.

Scars are divided into different categories according to their type. The most common type of scar is thin and wrinkled in appearance and known as an atrophic or hypertrophic scar. The rigid, red scar may look very bothersome at first, but it will soften, thin, and fade out as time passes.

A more problematic type of scar is the keloid scar that continues to grow instead of healing naturally. For people with a hereditary predisposition to developing keloids, even a small injury to the skin can cause a large scar. Therefore, keloid scars are not removed by surgery as the surgical procedure can easily stimulate already excessive formation of connective tissue. In this case, primary treatment calls for cortisone injections which reduces the formation of connective tissue.

In the treatment of scars, various treatment methods are applied at different stages. In the early stages of treatment, a local application of a silicone-based preparation will soften and inhibit scar growth. The type of the scar will then determine which treatment method should be used next, and the use of various fillers or exfoliating methods is also considered. Scars caused by an accident or fire may require plastic surgery because the scars are either large-scale or cause functional impairment. In almost all cases, scars can be erased with laser treatment.

KTP laser is used to reduce any capillaries that may have developed in and around the scar, as well as to lighten the redness of the scar. The treatment may also block the function of the blood vessels that feed the scar tissue and control the growth of the scar. KTP laser treatment usually takes two or three treatment sessions, with four- to six-week intervals between treatments.

Raised scars can be flattened with Er: YAG and CO2 lasers. In this treatment, the surface cells of the scar are removed layer by layer. It usually takes one treatment, but the treatment can be repeated after two or three months if necessary. This method is not suitable for the treatment of keloid scars.

Fractional (Er: glass, CO2) skin lasers are used to reduce uneven skin tones and skin structure. This method is effective for the treatment of both atrophic and hypertrophic scars. It usually requires between three to six treatment sessions with a one- to two-month interval between each treatment. The formation of new collagen is a slow process, and consequently, the results of the treatment may not be visible until approximately six to twelve months after the last treatment. This method is not suitable for the treatment of keloid scars.

Fractional treatment has also proven itself to be effective in treating surgery scars. This method is used to thin out and shorten any pale surgery scars found on the patient’s skin, and the color differences between the scar and surrounding skin are smoothed out as well. However, a scar will always be a scar, so it is advisable to commence a treatment with realistic expectations, and to be prepared for the fact that the desired result cannot always be achieved.

The skin should be protected with high-performance sunscreens (k50) during the sunny season, and exposure to the sun should be avoided for at least two months following the treatment.

Instructions for laser treatment of surgery scars

An appointment with an Epilaser Dermatologist is required to assess the need for treatment and to make a treatment plan. The assessment appointment ensures the client’s suitability for treatment and provides treatment options for the client.

Tanning should be avoided for four to six weeks prior to treatment. Skin should be protected with a high-performance sunscreen (k50) during the sunny season.

KTP laser treatment is usually performed without anesthesia. Following the procedure, mild swelling may occur in the area that has been treated. If a scab forms on the area, allow it to dry out and come off on its own.

Other laser treatments for scars are usually performed under anesthesia. Therefore, the client should arrive for the appointment approximately one hour before the scheduled treatment begins. The treatment itself takes approximately 15 minutes to complete. The treatment feels like tingling and warmth on the skin. Pain is relieved with a cold air blower during treatment.

There will be some swelling and redness of the skin after treatment, which will last for approximately five days. Sometimes a light scab will form on the skin that has been treated, but it will come off on its own. You can wash normally, however, you should avoid the sauna when there is severe swelling and redness of the skin. Exposure to the sun should be avoided for at least two months and the skin should be protected with high-performance sunscreens (k50) during the sunny season.

Hei! Mitä mieltä olet ajanvarauspalvelustamme?

Kehitämme alati palveluitamme ja olisi hienoa, jos kertoisit  jäitkö kaipaamaan jotain.