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Surgery of the abdominal organs

Surgery of the abdominal organs


The most common general diseases and surgical conditions of the abdominal organs are cholelithiasis (presence of gallstones in the gallbladder) and hernias. Both are relatively common. They cause pain and discomfort and limit life in many ways.

In cholelithiasis, crystal-like deposits develop in the gallbladder. They grow with time and become larger gallstones. Gallstones do not necessarily cause any symptoms, and sometimes they are found by coincidence in connection with another examination. A typical symptom is, however, severe and episodic abdominal pain. In some patients, cholelithiasis becomes complicated (e.g. inflammation of the gallbladder, gallstones in the bile ductules). If cholelithiasis is symptomatic, the gallbladder and gallstones can be removed. The procedure does not have significant adverse effects on the patient's life.

A hernia is a situation where the abdominal wall is loose because of an acquired or congenital weakness, and the content of the abdominal cavity (usually omentum and intestine) protrudes outside the abdominal cavity. Hernias are usually removed surgically because they do not heal by themselves. The most common hernia problems are inguinal hernia and umbilical hernia.

At Helsinki Hospital, hernia and gallbladder operations are performed by experienced surgeons specialized in abdominal organs. Treatment is provided without a referral and without waiting time.


Hernia surgery is among the most common general surgery procedures. A hernia usually causes pain and discomfort. It does not heal by itself.

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Gallstones are crystal-like deposits in the gallbladder. They typically cause severe upper abdominal pain. Gallstones are treated by removing the gallbladder. Modern gallbladder operations are usually performed endoscopically.

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