Cancer is a growth or tumor that can grow and spread in the body if it is not treated. However, cancers differ from one another significantly. Some cancers are low-grade and grow slowly, while others grow very rapidly and have generally had time to spread widely when they are detected.
The treatment of cancer is one of the most intensively developed areas of medicine and, due to modern techniques, most cancers can be treated with good results. Most cancer patients lead a normal life after the cancer has been found and treated, and many cancers can even be cured with surgery and adjuvant therapy. To ensure successful treatment, it must be started immediately. In Finland, the quality of cancer treatment is among the best in Europe and the world.
The treatment of cancer involves of specialists, nurses specialized in cancer treatment, and rehabilitation therapists. As types of cancer differ significantly from one another, it is important that the patient is always treated by specialists in the cancer type in question.
The treatment methods are constantly changing and continual training is required to keep abreast of the latest scientific knowledge. For this reason, it is a fundamental principle at Helsinki Hospital that a cancer patient's treatment should always be referred to experts in treatment of the cancer detected in the patient. Furthermore, the treatment of cancer must usually involve collaboration between experts in more than one field. Each expert knows how to plan treatment from his or her own perspective, and the choice of treatment methods must be planned together.
Treatment at Helsinki Hospital is planned and carried out collaboratively by a multiprofessional group: pathologists and cancer physicians (oncologists) are involved, as well as other specialists as required, such as plastic surgeons, jaw/chin surgeons, ear specialists, eye specialists, neurosurgeons, abdominal organ surgeons, and gynecologists. We offer cancer diagnosis and treatment in collaboration with our partner clinic, Docrates Cancer Center.
Cancerous growths in the facial area are typically skin cancers. The most common is basal cell carcinoma, which is generally detected on the face. Other common skin cancers found on the face are melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
The incidence of the most familiar skin cancer, melanoma, has increased in Finland in the past ten years, reaching epidemic proportions. Surgery is always used to treat melanoma.
Mouth cancer is a cancer that is treated with surgery. Its most common cause is heavy drinking and smoking. In Finland some 600 cancers of the head and neck area are detected each year.
Cancers occurring in the thyroid gland are relatively common. In terms of prognosis, however, thyroid cancer is less serious than most cancers and, if treated, will not affect a person's life expectancy.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. In breast cancer surgery, the tumor and, when necessary, surrounding tissue is removed. Sometimes it is necessary to remove the entire mammary gland. In this case, the breast can be reconstructed with a flap or an implant.
Cancerous growths in the spine are usually metastases. They commonly cause back pain, limb pain or paralytic symptoms.
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