The most typical spinal tumors that may require surgical treatment are tumor metastases, which may cause back pain, pain in the upper or lower limbs, paralytic symptoms and structural weakness of the spine. Rare cancerous growths originating from the spine and the spinal cord may also occur in the spine. There can be benign tumors on the spinal nerves, and an operation might be necessary if they are symptomatic.
Some spinal cord tumors are treated surgically, and others with radiotherapy. Surgery is complemented with a spine-stabilization procedure when the tumor has damaged the support structure of the spine. Surgical treatment of spinal tumors always requires neurosurgical expertise and cooperation with oncologists.