As the population ages, the patients who are treated surgically are increasingly sick and old. Patients with multiple diseases have an increased risk that the surgical wound will not heal normally. Other factors besides old age and obesity that have a negative effect on recovery include: nutritional disorders, smoking, diabetes and associated diseases, and certain medication, such as cortisone.
A chronic unhealed surgical wound is very problematic for a patient. Postoperative wound complications can be treated at Helsinki Hospital's ulcer clinic. It is essential to determine and treat the reasons for poor recovery, followed by efficient local treatment of the wound and surgical closure of the wound, when necessary. If direct closure of the wound is not possible, methods of plastic surgery, such as a skin graft or flap coverage, are used when necessary.